Sanuki Kagari Temari Preservation Society

The blessings of nature and the hands of people
Beautiful colorful "Temari"

2021.11.12

Kagawa has a culture that is loved and carefully inherited by women.
That is "Sanuki Kagari Temari". It is a local toy of Kagawa.

Thread with colorful threads Pretty flower patterns and geometric patterns are like a kaleidoscope Beauty like. The simple warmth and gentle colors of cotton thread will soothe your heart.

In modern times, the chances of seeing Temari have decreased, but it is Nagako Araki, the representative of the Sanuki Kagari Temari Preservation Society, who adheres to the techniques and materials and adds new charm to the activities.

Encounter with Temari connected from the edge

The history of Temari dates back to 1300 years ago. Temari, which came from China during the Nara period, became a noble play tool as a kemari, and during the Edo period, it was made of colorful silk threads and became a princess toy.

Eventually, it spread among the common people, and the ingenious Temari became popular as a playmate for children in various places, but it disappeared with the advent of the rubber ball.

Eiko met Temari in her early twenties when she was studying metal engraving. It all started when I visited Mr. Kazuo Araki, who studies the local area of Shikoku, and went to see the "Sanuki Customs Reference Center" where Mr. Kazuo is the director.

Mr. Nagako was attracted to the space where he loves daily crafts and folk crafts from all over Japan and the story of Mr. Kazuo, and he started to go to that place many times. One of the most fascinating things was the "Sanuki Kagari Temari" that Mr. Keio's wife, Mr. Yaeko, made in the tea room.

Mr. and Mrs. Araki established the "Sanuki Kagari Temari Preservation Society" in 1983 to stop the disappearing culture of Sanuki Kagari Temari. Yaeko was engaged in activities to create and preserve traditional temari that are handed down in Sanuki.

Only then did I see a "temari". colour Arranging a variety of gentle threads to create a beautiful pattern I still remember how wonderful it was.

After that, Nagako, who had a relationship and married her son and became a member of the Araki family, began to help her mother-in-law, Yaeko, while working on metal engraving.

Protecting and communicating the beautiful disappearing culture

Eiko recalls that she enjoyed the time she helped her mother-in-law make Temari.

The more I did, the more I was fascinated by the depth of the Temari. Anyway, it was fun to think that it would be seen as something more wonderful and that it would make people more happy.

At the age of 40, he left the metal engraving work and devoted himself to making Temari in earnest. Even after my parents-in-law passed away, I have inherited that will and continue to do so.

What has changed in the place of Mr. Nagako is not only to preserve the culture, but also to spread it to many people. We hold professional maker training courses to train expressive professionals who have acquired basic skills.

We value the preservation of traditional techniques, and for five years we started by faithfully reproducing the basic method of making. It will take more than a dozen years to be able to enjoy expression freely That's right.

There are now about 120 Sanuki Kagari hand makers. The once-broken hands are loved and carefully inherited by local women.

The Temari is a deep world, but I think it's better to have a wide entrance. Not only to keep the tradition Fresh and attractive to young people I want you to know the charm of Temari.

Nagako who talks with. Not only to see it, but also to get familiar with it in everyday life Make a small Temari "Kotemari" with incense We also propose new ways to enjoy incense.

A traditional Temari born from the blessings of nature

In "Sanuki Kagari Temari", there is something that we continue to carefully protect.

One is, Use cotton thread thing.

In the Edo period when Kagawa Prefecture was called "Sanuki no Kuni", sugar, salt and cotton were special products called "Sanuki Sanuki". Because the cotton thread is used, Sanuki Kagari has a unique gentle texture.

The local cotton factory that manufactures the products continues to be closed, and there have been problems with suppliers, but the Preservation Society seeks manufacturing factories nationwide and protects them from continuing to use precious cotton yarn.

The second is Dye cotton thread with vegetation thing.

Cotton thread is dyed with vegetation. Akane, Ai, Kariyasu, Dyeing materials such as Suho, chestnuts, and onions, and indigo-dyed threads are over-dyed with Kariyasu. , It seems that there are more than 120 kinds of colorful threads.

The dyed thread is roughly dried on a clothesline in the garden. I like the time to make Temari while watching it.

And Nagako.

The third is Use rice husks for the core thing.

Sanuki Kagari Temari is made by wrapping rice husks in thin paper and wrapping them with cotton thread. The task of making a sphere with just the feeling of a hand is difficult and requires patience. While there are many temari temari that use Styrofoam as a base, we will continue to carry on the tradition to the invisible details.

And the fourth and final thing is to bend by hand. Draw a pattern using traditional overhanging techniques ..

The Temari, which looks like the earth, is divided into the North Pole, the South Pole, and the equator, and the thread is passed. Using the "ground division line" as a guide, the pattern is drawn according to the season and sensibility while threading.

A temari that just draws a guide line called a ground division line on the base

The pattern may be made by reproducing or arranging a traditional pattern. In the overhanging technique, the pattern is created by passing the thread from line to line, so there is no freedom unlike embroidery. It's interesting to see how deeply you can express yourself in that inconvenience.

Sanuki Kagari Temari has cherished the tradition that has been passed down and has connected it from hand to hand.

The temari, which is gently wrapped around, has warmth and abundance that can only be expressed by hand. The tradition of colorful and beautiful Temari has become a new attraction and is still alive today.